Statistics and Orientation WIP

High Altitude Balloon

A quick-to-develop testbed

The SPEX High Altitude Balloon (HAB) project/group allows for a unique opportunity to conduct experiments for our Cubesat in a near space-like environment. HABs typically reach an attitude of aproximately 30,000 meters (about 100,000 feet). SPEX HAB has launched two previous balloons, designated as HAB I and HAB II.

The relative low cost and fast turn around of HABs provides a great way for SPEX members to gain hands-on experience in a field they are interested in. Examples of this are desigin flight software, flight hardware, payload bus, and other payload concepts.

HAB III

On December 3rd, 2017, RIT SPEX launched our third balloon, HAB3. Unlike previous launches, there was no third-party payload onboard. The main objectives were to test telemetry gathering done by in-house designed software and hardware and to record pressure/temperature data both inside the balloon and inside the bus box. This HAB launch was also used to test a new boom-mount for the GoPro Hero 3 camera that would record the flight. A 3rd Party APRS module transmits GPS and telemetry data such as battery voltage and temperature onboard.

Launch conditions were mild winds, borderline freezing temperatures, and a mixture of snow and rain. Like the previous two HAB launches, HAB3 was prepared and released in a parking lot in front of RIT’s campus. After launching, using the onboard APRS transmitter, we tracked our balloon on aprs.fi. The balloon took off east, hitting approximately 155 mph for a maximum velocity. At about 65,000ft of altitude, about 10 miles North of Ithaca over lake Cayuga, the last gps transmission was received. The location of the HAB was unknown after this.

Using http://predict.habhub.org/, with data from our previous HAB II launch, the team expected the payload box to land in the general Cortland, NY area. Three days later a farmer in Marathon, NY called the number written on the side of the payload. The HAB had landed in a cow pasture fortunately where it would be found and played with by a group of cows.

A quick inspection of the HAB revealed that the cause for loss of communications was a lead connection the battery to the APRS transmitter had broken off, causing the board to lose power. In addition to loss of radio comms, the GoPro on the boom secured with epoxy and anchored by fishing line, had fallen off.

What we can learn from this

Radio/Battery: Two main things we can improve on. One is a redundant gps reporting radio system. Losing radio transmissions was incredibly mission threatening. We were lucky that it landed in a farm and it was relatively quickly reported too. A redundant radio would allow for backup and much greater increased odds of total location loss. As for the battery connections, we will seek much sturdier ways of securing the battery and forming the connection.

GoPro/Camera: For next launches, we are looking into the concept of embedded the camera inside the payload box. The camera would peak through a port cut into the side of the box walls. Also, cheaper alternatives will also be looked into for less risk factor to launches.

HAB II - Icarus

HAB II was launched on May 8th, 2016 from the North side of RIT's campus. The main payload of the HAB was testing a Senior Design Project for Anthony Hennig. The basis of the project was a deployment system of spring hinged solar panels on a CubeSat.

After launch, the HAB team retreated to observe APRS reports on the location and altitude of HAB II. After reaching an altitude of approximately 29,500m, the balloon burst, starting the descent back to Earth's surface. HAB II utilized a parachute deployed between the balloon and payload, activated by wind resistance when falling.

Video of HAB II launch up until camera failure at an estimated 18,500m.
Still shot from HAB II looking over Rochester, NY and Lake Ontario

HAB I

The group first began work on the project during the fall of 2015 as an initiative to get undergraduates working with real flight-components. Launching the first balloon required the team to overcome a series of hurdles, the first of which is funding. Through one our advisors we were able to use leftover money from RIT’s Project METEOR. This project, which ran during the early 2000’s, was developing a system to place lightweight satellites into low earth orbit by launching a small rocket off a high altitude balloon from an altitude greater than 80,000 feet. This project shutdown after one of the lead advisers left RIT. Funding from that program was able to kick start our project, but we were also able to raise over $2,500 through our own crowdfunding campaign in December 2015.

The flight camera was a GoPro Hero 3+ with the standard waterproof case. The camera was set to take a photograph every ten seconds and store it on a 32 GB SD Card. 671 photos were taken, so the camera lasted approximately two hours before the battery died. The camera was mounted sideways in the cooler with a wooden chopstick holding it into the styrofoam. A hand warmer was placed on the outside of the case to keep the battery warm.

Launch Date: 2015-10-25
Launch Location: Rochester, New York
Landing Location: Windham, Maine
Recovery: 2015-12-7
Burst Altitude: 30242 meters (99220 feet)
Top Speed: 65 m/s (145 mph)
Flight Duration: ~5.5 hours
Flight Distance: ~645km (~400mi)